CRAFTS IN MARRAKECH

Moroccan art can be classified into two categories: urban and rural. The first is imbued with traditions imported from the East its influence can be seen particularly in carpets, fabrics, and embroidery, and also from Muslim Spain, it is still seen in the arts of ceramics, metal, wood and leather.The rural or Berber arts have a stripped-down appearance. The objects often have a utilitarian function: furniture, tools, utensils, indispensable to the daily life and some adornments for the festivities of the community.

Wood

Woodwork is considered as a fine art in Morocco, which requires a lot of patience. The presence of many species of trees in abundance especially in valleys and mountains, such as cedar, pine, beech, olive, lemon tree, has made this form of crafting possible.

Pottery

In Morocco, The three main pottery and ceramic production centers in Morocco are represented in Fes, Safi and Sale.
The pottery is of course visible through a national dish: tajine. This word refers to both the culinary preparation, but also the terracotta container, whose shape varies according to the regions of the country. The tajines of the Ourika Valley are particularly famous.

Carpet

The art of the carpet has been enriched by all the creations due to the craftsmen of the different communities which populated Morocco. Each Moroccan region makes carpets with their own characteristics. Variant in size, colors, materials, patterns, rug making is a popular tradition in Morocco.
The carpets are present in all Moroccan houses.

Metals

Women mostly use the jewels. For these, the jewel is an essential complement to their party attire. Men, most often wear silver jewelry.
In addition to jewelry, metalwork mainly includes ironmongery, damascene (originating in Syria, it consists in incrusting fans metal smooth threads in silver and gold), brassware (piece stamped), and the work of nickel silver ( an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel, whose white luster is reminiscent of silver).
The metals used in all these trades are silver, copper and their derivatives

Tissues

The weaving made appears in Morocco from 1500 BC. Since then, textiles, served by a diversity of materials, and the flagship of Moroccan craftsmanship. Tribal textiles are among the most dazzling and impressive on the African continent. The rhythmic variations of the patterns, the vibrations of the colors, the variety of the textures and the power they release make them unique.

Traditional clothing: :

Despite the many Western influences, each inhabitant has in his wardrobe traditional Moroccan clothes, all classes included:

  • The Caftan : Worn by women, this garment of oriental origin is a kind of loose and long coat, made of velvet or brocade.

The Moroccan caftan is unique in the world thanks to its origins (Roman, Moorish Andalusia) but also thanks to the Moroccan artisanal genius.

  • The Takchita : The takchita is another version of the Moroccan caftan: it is composed of two pieces, « the tahtiya », which is a caftan, and « the fouqia » or « dfina » which is an open caftan and often transparent. Richly crafted belts called "Mdamma" emphasize the size.
  • The Djellaba : This long loose dress, often with a hood and long sleeves, made of wool, cotton or silk is worn by both men and women.

For Moroccan women, djellabas are distinguished by the profusion of colors, patterns and embroidery.

  • The Cheche : Scarf about 4 to 8 meters long, it is worn especially by the Tuareg, and in North Africa in general. The men wrap it on their head and face, to protect themselves from the sun, the dry wind and the sand of the desert.
  • The Gandoura : This long tunic of Berber origin is devoid of sleeves and hood. It is worn traditionally in the Maghreb.
  • The Jabador : Of Roman origin, this fabric is wrapped around the body and held at the waist by a belt and fixed on the shoulders by fibulae.
  • The Haik : Large piece of wool or cotton about 5 meters by 1.6 meters, which conceals both the body and the face of women.

To get an idea of the richness of the Marrakchi handicraft and to give you the knowledge of its 40 000 craftsmen

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