History of the city

"Pearl of the South", Marrakech is bathed throughout the year an invigorating sun. Sumptuous palaces with multicolored souks, the famous Jemaa El Fna Square to the Menara Gardens, mosques in madrasahs, the medina in the new town, it is both authentic, mythical, mystical and magical.

The origin of the word "Morocco" originates from "Marrakech" Mraksch (the city). This word has gradually transformed - Morocco, Maru-eco ... - and was thus used throughout the country.

dynasties-arrakech


The Almoravid dynasty

Marrakech was founded in the year 1062 by Youssef Ibn Tachfine first ruler of the dynasty Almoravid. Simple camp caravan, the city became an important cultural, commercial, and religious shone throughout Morocco, Andalusia and black Africa, including through the construction of numerous mosques and madrassas (Koranic schools). Marrakech is elected then capital of the kingdom.

It was also at this time began the planting of the palm grove. Legend has it that eating dates, Youssef Ibn Tachfine spread the kernels of fruits, which found there a fertile soil to thrive and lead eventually to palm trees.

The son of Youssef Ibn Tachfine Youssef Ben Ali would protect the city from attacks and built the walls for several kilometers.

The Almohad dynasty

In 1147, Abd Al-Moumen, founder of the Almohad dynasty, laid siege to Marrakech for nine months, and captured the city.
The main buildings were razed Marrakech. Les Remparts, and the minaret of the Koutoubia be spared.
During the reign of the first Almohad king, "the red city" will be the capital of a prosperous empire. They built many palaces and religious buildings, such as the famous Koutoubia Mosque.
The Marinids
At the end of the thirteenth century, Marrakech was conquered by the mérinides nomads. The city was abandoned by its writers and artisans, to the benefit of Fez, always rival, which became the capital.

The Marinids

At the end of the thirteenth century, Marrakech was conquered by the mérinides nomads. The city was abandoned by its writers and artisans, to the benefit of Fez, always rival, which became the capital.


The Saadian dynasty

In the early sixteenth century, Marrakech finds a central place by reverting the capital of the kingdom. It also revives the prosperity and beauty, thanks to the Saadian Sultan Ahmed El-Mansour, who built among others the El Badii Palace, a replica of the Alhambra Andalusia and the Saadian tombs.

The Alawite dynasty

At the end of the seventeenth century, the Alawite dynasty succeeded the Saadian. The throne was successively moved to Fez and Meknes, new imperial city.
In the nineteenth century, only Moulay El Hassan in Marrakech 1 gave a little prestige.
In the early twentieth century, Marrakech experienced several years of civil war. March 30, 1912, the Treaty of Fez was signed: it establishes the installation of a French protectorate in Morocco, commanded by General Lyautey.
During this period, Marrakech was ruled by the Pasha Glaoui. With the help of French which he became a fervent supporter, he represses uprisings of the Berber tribes and became one of the most influential men of Morocco.

Marrakech fascinated artists, writers and executive global aristocracy. In 1931, the painter Jacques Majorelle set up his workshop. In 1935, Winston Churchill regularly stays to paint and speaks in his memoirs of his "beloved Marrakech". Many celebrities have fallen under the spell of Marrakech have contributed to the international reputation of the city.
In 1956, the return from exile of King Mohammed V will be celebrated to Marrakech as in the rest of the country. This event also marks the independence of the Kingdom of Morocco.
Hassan II and Mohammed VI, the present King of Morocco, will succeed him.
If Marrakech definitively lost all political power, the city has a major cultural center and Morocco's showcase, which will soon welcome millions of tourists eager to discover the ancestral traditions of the kingdom.

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